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For the term "change user p word".

How To Setup Munin on Ubuntu 12.04 LTS

Assumption: You will access munin using the server IP adress http://123.123.123.123/munin (there are several ways to setup and access munin, but in a VirtualHost environment it may not be desirable to setup/access via a VirtualHost.) sudo apt-get install munin munin-node sudo vi /etc/munin/apache.conf Allow from localhost 127.0.0.0/8 ::1 # Replace with this Allow from all # add this line just...

After Installing Debian 7 Desktop

Checklist of things to do after installing Debian Gnome The first problem you have with a brand new linux (Debian/Ubuntu) install is the user is not setup in sudoers. So first thing: login as root su sudo adduser username sudo sudo vi /etc/sudoers give permissions to your new user – below root username ALL=(ALL:ALL) ALL alternately – unsecure username ALL=(ALL)...

Drupal Install Modules and Themes using SSH

If you don’t want to install Drush and don’t want to use FTP (I like a secure server) Install Drupal modules via SSH on Ubuntu Server (12.04 LTS) Assumptions: You have/are… Unix command line proficient Rsync capable Apache2/Ubuntu directories (other flavors of Linux may vary) Download module or theme to desktop Unzip file to an empty directory Upload module or...

Set BASH as Default Shell

Enter at the prompt $ bash If command not found error, install BASH # pkg_add -r -v bash Now find where BASH is installed $ which bash You should see (Ubuntu) /bin/bash Change shell to BASH $ chsh -s /bin/bash username username is your User Name You should see: Password: Provide your login password You’ll need to logout (exit) and...

Cubox-i2 Config Setup

Download Gunnar Wolf’s Debian Wheezy https://people.debian.org/~gwolf/ Also working: Ubuntu sudo dd if=ubuntu-oneiric-freescale.img of=/dev/mmcblk0 Android 4.3 sudo dd if=beta-11-dec-2013-i2.img of=/dev/mmcblk0 Not working: Debian Jesse sudo dd if=debian-jessi-4-july-2014.img of=/dev/mmcblk0 Copy to SDmicro sudo dd if=cubox.img of=/dev/mmcblk0 password for root is cubox-i #vi /etc/apt/sources.list #deb http://download.solid-run.com/pub/solidrun/cubox/repo/debian cubox main #deb-src http://download.solid-run.com/pub/solidrun/cubox/repo/debian cubox main vi /etc/network/interfaces auto lo iface lo inet loopback allow-hotplug eth0 iface...

Setup a LAMP Server on Debian or Ubuntu

This setup is for Virtual Host server – not a dedicated server with a single domain SSH to your server ssh root@IP Update Debian/Ubuntu apt-get update && apt-get upgrade –show-upgraded -y Create User How To Create a User in Linux Setup SSH for Remote Access With GPG Keys – No Password How To Setup SSH for Remote Access IMPORANT –...

Harden WordPress Permissions

Harden WordPress chown [username]:www-data find /var/www/html/DOMAIN -type d -exec chmod 755 {} \; find /var/www/html/DOMAIN -type f -exec chmod 644 {} \; chmod 440 /var/www/html/DOMAIN/*.php chmod 450 -R /var/www/html/DOMAIN/wp-admin chmod 450 -R /var/www/html/DOMAIN/wp-includes chmod 440 /var/www/html/DOMAIN/.htaccess chmod 766 /var/www/html/DOMAIN/sitemap.* chmod 770 -R /var/www/html/DOMAIN/wp-content/uploads chmod 770 -R /var/www/html/DOMAIN/wp-content/upgrade chmod 750 -R /var/www/html/DOMAIN/wp-content/plugins (You could put all that in a script for...

Install Joomla 2.5 on Ubuntu 12.04 LTS

Assuming Joomla is uploaded to your remote server and unzipped in /home/username/joomla Create your website directory sudo mkdir /var/www/www.example.com Copy Joomla to the website directory sudo cp -Rf /home/username/joomla/* /var/www/www.example.com I use scripts to set Joomla permission at this point. If you run into trouble, it will be because permissions are not set correctly, so I do this by default....

Harden Ubuntu Server 12.04 LTS

Its not enough to harden just Ubuntu. Its necessary to harden the rest of LAMP as well. So here is how I do it. Harden MYSQL sudo mysql_secure_installation answer Yes to all questions (but no need to change password) Harden PHP – and tune performance sudo apt-get install php5-suhosin sudo vi /etc/php5/apache2/php.ini uncomment this code or update setting max_execution_time =...

Backup MYSQL Database Automatically

Enter into crontab 25 7 * * * root mysqldump -u root -pPASSWORD –all-databases > /home/username/msql_database_`'+%m-%d-%Y'`.sql Enter at prompt mysqldump -u root -pPASSWORD –all-databases > /home/username/database_all.sql Change admin Password mysqladmin -u root -pOLDPASSWORD password NEWPASSWORD

How To Harden Debian Server

Its not enough to harden just Debain. Its necessary to harden the rest of Apache-MySQL-PHP as well. Harden MYSQL sudo mysql_secure_installation answer Yes to all questions (but no need to change password) Disabling SSH root login and settings sudo vi /etc/ssh/sshd_config change PermitRootLogin yes to PermitRootLogin no LoginGraceTime 120 to LoginGraceTime 30 add line AllowUsers username username username Consider disabling...

How To Manage Fail2ban Using Perl Script On Remote Servers and A Control Mysql Database

Earlier I posted how to use a text file created by a script to similarly manage the rogue IPs that Fail2ban bans. The problem with using scripts and crontab is that it is not reporting in real-time. The method here works in real-time because Fail2ban reports directly to the MySQL on the control server. On each remote you’ll want to...

Install Rsync

Rsync Installation Instuctions sudo apt-get install rsync sudo vi /etc/rsyncd.conf copy into rsyncd.conf motd file = /etc/rsyncd.motd [servername] path = /home/username comment = This is the path to folder on the server uid = nobody gid = nobody read only = false auth users = username secrets file = /etc/rsyncd.scrt change username/servername sudo vi /etc/rsyncd.motd any message you want sudo...