Category: Debian

SSH Reverse Tunnel Not Working Mystery

When using autossh to create a reverse tunnel, sometimes, mysteriously (for the moment), on the remote server, the connect is refused, returning this message in syslog/messages autossh[7451]:{port}: Connection refused The problem is autossh process is running (pid 7451) but frozen ( thats the mystery ) The solution: sudo kill $(ps aux | grep ‘autossh’ | awk ‘{print $2}’)

How To Set Up Password Authentication in Apache2

sudo apt-get install apache2-utils ( FIRST USER only ( -c ) option to create file, or you will wipe all your existing logins !!! ) sudo htpasswd -c /etc/apache2/.htpasswd username1only sudo htpasswd /etc/apache2/.htpasswd username2etc Conventional setup sudo vi /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/000-default.conf ( In which case you must specify the Directory to be protected ) <Directory “/var/www/”> AuthType Basic AuthName “Restricted Content” AuthUserFile...

LAMP upgrade to mysql 5.6 PHP installation appears to be missing the MySQL extension which is required by WordPress

WordPress Running on Debian 7 LAMP After upgrading to MYSQL 5.6 from 5.5 I encountered several problems, first of which was a completely broken MySQL then Apache2.3 and PHP complained. This ultimately cleaned up the mess: sudo dpkg –purge mysql-client-core-5.6 sudo dpkg –purge mysql-client sudo dpkg –purge mysql-server-core-5.6 sudo dpkg –purge mysql-common sudo dpkg –purge mysql sudo apt-get –purge remove...

Disable IPV6 Debian

sudo vi /etc/sysctl.conf # to disable IPv6 on all interfaces system wide net.ipv6.conf.all.disable_ipv6 = 1 # Uncomment the next two lines to enable Spoof protection (reverse-path filter) # Turn on Source Address Verification in all interfaces to # prevent some spoofing attacks net.ipv4.conf.default.rp_filter=1 net.ipv4.conf.all.rp_filter=1 # Do not accept ICMP redirects (prevent MITM attacks) net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_redirects = 0 #net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_redirects = 0 #...

Stop the Kernel Logging ipv6

To disable IPv6 on all interfaces system wide sudo vi /etc/sysctl.conf add this line net.ipv6.conf.all.disable_ipv6 = 1 Or To disable IPv6 on an interface only net.ipv6.conf.lo.disable_ipv6 = 1 net.ipv6.conf.eth0.disable_ipv6 = 1 sudo sysctl -p /etc/sysctl.conf or reboot

DD Used Space Only Image File Using Gzip Solved

The problem is how to create an img of a disk (or storage of any kind) while not saving the entire unused space – shrink empty disk space with dd. Like many similar problems, I found many posts about how to save the img of a disk and remove empty partitions. Most are obsolete or did not work as specified, which...

Disable RC4 and SSL3

sudo vi /etc/apache2/mods-available/ssl.conf SSLHonorCipherOrder on SSLCipherSuite “EECDH+ECDSA+AESGCM EECDH+aRSA+AESGCM EECDH+ECDSA+SHA384 EECDH+ECDSA+SHA256 EECDH+aRSA+SHA384 EECDH+aRSA+SHA256 EECDH+aRSA+RC4 EECDH EDH+aRSA !RC4 !aNULL !eNULL !LOW !3DES !MD5 !EXP !PSK !SRP !DSS” SSLProtocol All -SSLv2 -SSLv3 SSLCompression Off

How To Configure exim4 on Debian

hostname hostname -f sudo vi /etc/mailname apt-get install exim4 dpkg-reconfigure exim4-config Hide local mail name in outgoing mail? No Split configuration into small files? Yes sudo vi /etc/exim4/update-exim4.conf.conf dc_eximconfig_configtype=’smarthost’ dc_other_hostnames=” dc_local_interfaces=’′ dc_readhost=” dc_relay_domains=” dc_minimaldns=’false’ dc_relay_nets=” dc_smarthost=’′ CFILEMODE=’644′ dc_use_split_config=’true’ dc_hide_mailname=’false’ dc_mailname_in_oh=’true’ dc_localdelivery=’mail_spool’ sudo vi /etc/exim4/passwd.client * echo “this is a test from __” | mail -s “Success” sudo vi...

Padre Still Crashes on Debian Linux

The linked post was written in 2012 explaining what I think most users of Padre encounter, and therefore I won’t repeat anything already nicely documented there except to quote “And please do not feed me a junk line about it works on my Linux distribution, I do not care. Pretend I am a normal end user for a moment. If...

Force WordPress SSL HTTPS on Only One Page

RewriteEngine On Options -Indexes Options +FollowSymLinks RewriteBase / # force https for all URLs matching “subscribe.* # otherwise normal http request are unmolested # other methods that force ssl cause 301 redirects on # all pages RewriteCond %{HTTPS} =off RewriteRule ^subscribe https://%{HTTP_HOST}%{REQUEST_URI} [R=301,L] RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d ## standard rule but causes redirect loops #RewriteRule . /index.php [L]...

USB Linux Wipe Format Ext2 Filesystem

Find the correct device fdisk -l Unmount the device unmount /dev/sdc Wipe the device (handles bad blocks too) dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/sdc bs=4k Format device mke2fs /dev/sdc1 Make a mount point mkdir /mnt/memstick Mount the device mount /dev/sdc1 /mnt/memstick

Find and Kill All Processes One Liner

Brilliant – where you need it – like when you accidentally try to open 8000 html files at once with your browser. sudo kill $(ps aux | grep ‘iceweasel’ | awk ‘{print $2}’) credit for Find and Kill All Processes One Liner – bash using grep and awk

How To Fix a missing eth0 adapter after moving HDD from one machine to another

Debian/Ubuntu Linux : How To Fix a missing eth0 adapter after moving HDD from one machine to another. Explanation : Debian and Ubuntu write the MAC address of the ethernet adapter to a file that prevents the eth card in the new machine from being recognized. Delete the lines in this persistent-net.rules file and upon reboot, linux will see the...