Category: Ubuntu

How To Set Up Password Authentication in Apache2

sudo apt-get install apache2-utils ( FIRST USER only ( -c ) option to create file, or you will wipe all your existing logins !!! ) sudo htpasswd -c /etc/apache2/.htpasswd username1only sudo htpasswd /etc/apache2/.htpasswd username2etc Conventional setup sudo vi /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/000-default.conf ( In which case you must specify the Directory to be protected ) <Directory “/var/www/www.example.com/administrator”> AuthType Basic AuthName “Restricted Content” AuthUserFile...

How To Fix a missing eth0 adapter after moving HDD from one machine to another

Debian/Ubuntu Linux : How To Fix a missing eth0 adapter after moving HDD from one machine to another. Explanation : Debian and Ubuntu write the MAC address of the ethernet adapter to a file that prevents the eth card in the new machine from being recognized. Delete the lines in this persistent-net.rules file and upon reboot, linux will see the...

Install PHP for WordPress

There is not much to installing PHP except when you need more power. Sometimes WordPress needs more. sudo apt-get install php5 php-pear php5-mysql php5-cli php5-gd php5-curl curl sudo vi /etc/php5/apache2/php.ini max_execution_time = 300 max_input_time = 60 memory_limit = 256M post_max_size = 64M upload_max_filesize = 64M

Setup a LAMP Server on Debian or Ubuntu

  SSH to your server ssh root@IP Update Debian/Ubuntu apt-get update && apt-get upgrade –show-upgraded -y Create User How To Create a User in Linux Setup SSH for Remote Access With GPG Keys – No Password How To Setup SSH for Remote Access IMPORANT – Block All Traffic to your Server While You Set it Up Block All Traffic (but...

Install Apache on Debian and Ubuntu

Install Apache sudo apt-get install apache2 sudo vi /etc/apache2/sites-available/default change AllowOverride None > AllowOverride All in line 11 Enable Apache rewrite and restart Achtung! Don’t forget or things will not work and you’ll waste hours trying to find out why sudo a2enmod rewrite Restart Apache sudo service apache2 restart If no error, its working Optional: The following “example” is used...

Cubox-i2 Config Setup

Download Gunnar Wolf’s Debian Wheezy https://people.debian.org/~gwolf/ Also working: Ubuntu sudo dd if=ubuntu-oneiric-freescale.img of=/dev/mmcblk0 Android 4.3 sudo dd if=beta-11-dec-2013-i2.img of=/dev/mmcblk0 Not working: Debian Jesse sudo dd if=debian-jessi-4-july-2014.img of=/dev/mmcblk0 Copy to SDmicro sudo dd if=cubox.img of=/dev/mmcblk0 password for root is cubox-i #vi /etc/apt/sources.list #deb http://download.solid-run.com/pub/solidrun/cubox/repo/debian cubox main #deb-src http://download.solid-run.com/pub/solidrun/cubox/repo/debian cubox main vi /etc/network/interfaces auto lo iface lo inet loopback allow-hotplug eth0 iface...

Change Default Editor at System Level

In a terminal type sudo apt-get install vim sudo update-alternatives –config editor Follow the instructions to choose vim.basic – your display will vary Debian Ubuntu Change Default Editor Nano VI Gedit at System Level sudo vi /etc/vim/vimrc uncomment line 20 – syntax on logout & login

Harden Ubuntu Server 12.04 LTS

Its not enough to harden just Ubuntu. Its necessary to harden the rest of LAMP as well. So here is how I do it. Harden MYSQL sudo mysql_secure_installation answer Yes to all questions (but no need to change password) Harden PHP – and tune performance sudo apt-get install php5-suhosin sudo vi /etc/php5/apache2/php.ini uncomment this code or update setting max_execution_time =...

Install Rsync

Rsync Installation Instuctions sudo apt-get install rsync sudo vi /etc/rsyncd.conf copy into rsyncd.conf motd file = /etc/rsyncd.motd [servername] path = /home/username comment = This is the path to folder on the server uid = nobody gid = nobody read only = false auth users = username secrets file = /etc/rsyncd.scrt change username/servername sudo vi /etc/rsyncd.motd any message you want sudo...

Set BASH as Default Shell

Enter at the prompt $ bash If command not found error, install BASH # pkg_add -r -v bash Now find where BASH is installed $ which bash You should see (Ubuntu) /bin/bash Change shell to BASH $ chsh -s /bin/bash username username is your User Name You should see: Password: Provide your login password You’ll need to logout (exit) and...

Create User on Debian and Ubuntu

Users and Groups Users are located in /etc/passwd Groups are located in /etc/group The administrative ROOT account is disabled by default in Ubuntu . If you wish to enable the root account, simply give it a password by typing sudo passwd To disable the root account sudo passwd -l root The initial user created by the Ubuntu installer is a...